How to

Quick and Simple Steps to Calculate Percentages: Your Guide to Finding Percentages Easily

Percentage is a mathematical concept that represents a number or ratio as a fraction of 100. It is a widely used term in many fields, including mathematics, finance, and science. Knowing how to find percentage is important as it is used in various calculations, such as calculating discounts, interest rates, and proportions. In this article, we will delve into the history, date, importance, and celebration of percentage, and provide a step-by-step guide on how to find percentage. Let’s get started!

Table of Contents

History of Percentage

The concept of percentage can be traced back to ancient times. Merchants in ancient Egypt used a system of proportions to calculate profits, which is similar to the concept of percentage we use today. The word “percentage” comes from the Latin word “per centum”, which means “by the hundred”. In the 17th century, Italian mathematician Pietro Mengoli introduced the symbol “%” to represent percentage. Since then, percentage has been widely used in various fields and has become an essential part of our daily lives.

Date of Percentage

While the history of percentage dates back centuries, the specific date of its creation is unknown. However, it is believed that the earliest known use of percentage was in the 14th century by Italian mathematician Luca Pacioli, who used the concept in his book “Summa de arithmetica”. The symbol “%” was officially adopted in the 17th century, and its use has been continuously evolving ever since.

Importance of Percentage

The importance of percentage cannot be overstated. It is a fundamental concept in mathematics and is used in various everyday situations. Here are some key reasons why knowing how to find percentage is important:

  • Simple representation: Percentage is a simple way of representing numbers and ratios. It makes calculations easier and more intuitive, especially when working with large numbers.
  • Comparison: Percentage allows for easy comparison between different numbers. For example, percentage can be used to compare growth rates, market shares, or test scores.
  • Financial calculations: Percentage is extensively used in finance, such as calculating interest rates, profits, and losses. It helps individuals and businesses make informed financial decisions.
  • Statistics: In statistics, percentage is used to represent data sets and make conclusions. It is an essential tool in data analysis and interpretation.

Celebration of Percentage

While there is no official celebration for percentage, the concept holds a special place in the academic world. Many mathematics competitions and challenges include percentage-related questions, and there are even games and online quizzes centered around percentage. Furthermore, many schools and universities have dedicated math clubs and teams that compete in these events, showcasing the importance and celebration of percentage.

How to Find Percentage: Step-by-Step Guide

Now that we understand the history, date, and importance of percentage, let’s take a look at how to find percentage. Calculating percentage involves using a simple formula:

Percentage = (Part / Whole) x 100

For example, let’s say you want to find what percentage of a group of 100 students are boys. If there are 60 boys in the group, the calculation would be:

Percentage = (60 / 100) x 100 = 60%

Now, let’s break down the steps to finding percentage in more detail:

Step 1: Identify the Part and Whole

The first step is to identify the numbers you will be working with. The “part” refers to the number you want to find the percentage of, while the “whole” refers to the total number.

For example, to find what percentage of your monthly income goes towards rent, your monthly income is the “whole” and the amount you spend on rent is the “part”.

Step 2: Write the Formula

As mentioned earlier, the formula to find percentage is (Part / Whole) x 100. Write this formula down, making sure to input the correct numbers.

Step 3: Calculate

Once you have the formula written down, it’s time to solve it. Simply divide the “part” by the “whole”, then multiply by 100 to get the percentage.

Step 4: Convert to Percentage

The final step is to convert the decimal or fraction to a percentage. To do this, simply move the decimal point two places to the right, or multiply the fraction by 100. The resulting number is your percentage.


Q1. Can percentage be greater than 100?

Yes, percentage can be greater than 100 if the “part” is greater than the “whole”. For every 100 in the whole, the percentage would increase by another 100.

Q2. How is percentage used in everyday life?

Percentage is used in a variety of everyday situations, such as calculating discounts, determining tips at restaurants, and calculating grades and test scores.

Q3. Can percentage be used for all types of numbers?

Yes, percentage can be used for both whole numbers and fractions. The formula remains the same regardless of the type of number.


Percentage is a fundamental concept that has been used for centuries and continues to remain relevant in various fields. By understanding the history and date of percentage, its importance, and how to calculate it, we can see the significance of this term in our daily lives. So the next time you need to calculate a percentage, remember the simple formula and put it into practice. Happy calculating!

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button